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# Insteon Binding

Insteon is a home area networking technology developed primarily for connecting light switches and loads. Insteon devices send messages either via the power line, or by means of radio frequency (RF) waves, or both (dual-band. A considerable number of Insteon compatible devices such as switchable relays, thermostats, sensors etc are available. More about Insteon can be found on Wikipedia (opens new window).

This binding provides access to the Insteon network by means of either an Insteon PowerLinc Modem (PLM), a legacy Insteon Hub 2242-222 or the current 2245-222 Insteon Hub. The modem can be connected to the openHAB server either via a serial port (Model 2413S) or a USB port (Model 2413U. The Insteon PowerLinc Controller (Model 2414U) is not supported since it is a PLC not a PLM. The modem can also be connected via TCP (such as ser2net. The binding translates openHAB commands into Insteon messages and sends them on the Insteon network. Relevant messages from the Insteon network (like notifications about switches being toggled) are picked up by the modem and converted to openHAB status updates by the binding. The binding also supports sending and receiving of legacy X10 messages.

The binding does not support linking new devices on the fly, i.e. all devices must be linked with the modem before starting the Insteon binding.

The openHAB binding supports minimal configuration of devices, currently only monitoring and sending messages. For all other configuration and set up of devices, link the devices manually via the set buttons, or use the free Insteon Terminal (opens new window) software. The free HouseLinc software from Insteon can also be used for configuration, but it wipes the modem link database clean on its initial use, requiring to re-link the modem to all devices.

# Supported Things

Thing Type Description
network Bridge An insteon PLM or hub that is used to communicate with the Insteon devices
device Thing Insteon devices such as dimmers, keypads, sensors, etc.

# Discovery

The network bridge is not automatically discovered, you will have to manually add the it yourself. Upon proper configuration of the network bridge, the network device database will be downloaded. Any Insteon device that exists in the database and is not currently configured is added to the inbox. The naming convention is Insteon Device AABBCC, where AA, BB and CC are from the Insteon device address. X10 devices are not auto discovered.

# Thing Configuration

# Network Configuration

The Insteon PLM or hub is configured with the following parameters:

Parameter Default Required Description
port Yes Examples:
- PLM on Linux: /dev/ttyS0 or /dev/ttyUSB0
- Smartenit ZBPLM on Linux: /dev/ttyUSB0,baudRate=115200
- PLM on Windows: COM1
- Current hub (2245-222) at on port 25105, with a poll interval of 1000 ms (1 second): /hub2/my_user_name:[email protected]:25105,poll_time=1000
- Legacy hub (2242-222) at on port 9761:/hub/
- Networked PLM using ser2net at on port 9761:/tcp/
devicePollIntervalSeconds 300 No Poll interval of devices in seconds. Poll too often and you will overload the insteon network, leading to sluggish or no response when trying to send messages to devices. The default poll interval of 300 seconds has been tested and found to be a good compromise in a configuration of about 110 switches/dimmers.
additionalDevices No File with additional device types. The syntax of the file is identical to the device_types.xml file in the source tree. Please remember to post successfully added device types to the openhab group so the developers can include them into the device_types.xml file!
additionalFeatures No File with additional feature templates, like in the device_features.xml file in the source tree.

NOTE: For users upgrading from InsteonPLM, The parameter port_1 is now port.

# Device Configuration

The Insteon device is configured with the following required parameters:

Parameter Description
address Insteon or X10 address of the device. Insteon device addresses are in the format 'xx.xx.xx', and can be found on the device. X10 device address are in the format 'x.y' and are typically configured on the device.
productKey Insteon binding product key that is used to identy the device. Every Insteon device type is uniquely identified by its Insteon product key, typically a six digit hex number. For some of the older device types (in particular the SwitchLinc switches and dimmers), Insteon does not give a product key, so an arbitrary fake one of the format Fxx.xx.xx (or Xxx.xx.xx for X10 devices) is assigned by the binding.
deviceConfig Optional JSON object with device specific configuration. The JSON object will contain one or more key/value pairs. The key is a parameter for the device and the type of the value will vary.

The following is a list of the product keys and associated devices. These have been tested and should work out of the box:

Model Description Product Key tested by
2477D SwitchLinc Dimmer F00.00.01 Bernd Pfrommer
2477S SwitchLinc Switch F00.00.02 Bernd Pfrommer
2845-222 Hidden Door Sensor F00.00.03 Josenivaldo Benito
2876S ICON Switch F00.00.04 Patrick Giasson
2456D3 LampLinc V2 F00.00.05 Patrick Giasson
2442-222 Micro Dimmer F00.00.06 Josenivaldo Benito
2453-222 DIN Rail On/Off F00.00.07 Josenivaldo Benito
2452-222 DIN Rail Dimmer F00.00.08 Josenivaldo Benito
2458-A1 MorningLinc RF Lock Controller F00.00.09 cdeadlock
2852-222 Leak Sensor F00.00.0A Kirk McCann
2672-422 LED Dimmer F00.00.0B ???
2476D SwitchLinc Dimmer F00.00.0C LiberatorUSA
2634-222 On/Off Dual-Band Outdoor Module F00.00.0D LiberatorUSA
2342-2 Mini Remote F00.00.10 Bernd Pfrommer
2663-222 On/Off Outlet 0x000039 SwissKid
2466D ToggleLinc Dimmer F00.00.11 Rob Nielsen
2466S ToggleLinc Switch F00.00.12 Rob Nielsen
2672-222 LED Bulb F00.00.13 Rob Nielsen
2487S KeypadLinc On/Off 6-Button F00.00.14 Bernd Pfrommer
2334-232 KeypadLink Dimmer 6-Button F00.00.15 Rob Nielsen
2334-232 KeypadLink Dimmer 8-Button F00.00.16 Rob Nielsen
2423A1 iMeter Solo Power Meter F00.00.17 Rob Nielsen
2423A1 Thermostat 2441TH F00.00.18 Daniel Campbell, Bernd Pfrommer
2457D2 LampLinc Dimmer F00.00.19 Jonathan Huizingh
2475SDB In-LineLinc Relay F00.00.1A Jim Howard
2635-222 On/Off Module F00.00.1B Jonathan Huizingh
2475F FanLinc Module F00.00.1C Brian Tillman
2456S3 ApplianceLinc F00.00.1D ???
2674-222 LED Bulb (recessed) F00.00.1E Steve Bate
2477SA1 220V 30-amp Load Controller N/O F00.00.1F Shawn R.
2342-222 Mini Remote (8 Button) F00.00.20 Bernd Pfrommer
2441V Insteon Thermostat Adaptor for Venstar F00.00.21 Bernd Pfrommer
2982-222 Insteon Smoke Bridge F00.00.22 Bernd Pfrommer
2487S KeypadLinc On/Off 8-Button F00.00.23 Tom Weichmann
2450 IO Link 0x00001A Bernd Pfrommer
2486D KeypadLinc Dimmer 0x000037 Patrick Giasson, Joe Barnum
2484DWH8 KeypadLinc Countdown Timer 0x000041 Rob Nielsen
Various PLM or hub 0x000045 Bernd Pfrommer
2843-222 Wireless Open/Close Sensor 0x000049 Josenivaldo Benito
2842-222 Motion Sensor 0x00004A Bernd Pfrommer
2844-222 Motion Sensor II F00.00.24 Rob Nielsen
2486DWH8 KeypadLinc Dimmer 0x000051 Chris Graham
2472D OutletLincDimmer 0x000068 Chris Graham
X10 switch generic X10 switch X00.00.01 Bernd Pfrommer
X10 dimmer generic X10 dimmer X00.00.02 Bernd Pfrommer
X10 motion generic X10 motion sensor X00.00.03 Bernd Pfrommer

# Channels

Below is the list of possible channels for the Insteon devices. In order to determine which channels a device supports, you can look at the device in the UI, or with the command display_devices in the console.

channel type description
acDelay Number AC Delay
backlightDuration Number Back Light Duration
batteryLevel Number Battery Level
batteryPercent Number:Dimensionless Battery Percent
batteryWatermarkLevel Number Battery Watermark Level
beep Switch Beep
bottomOutlet Switch Bottom Outlet
buttonA Switch Button A
buttonB Switch Button B
buttonC Switch Button C
buttonD Switch Button D
buttonE Switch Button E
buttonF Switch Button F
buttonG Switch Button G
buttonH Switch Button H
broadcastOnOff Switch Broadcast On/Off
contact Contact Contact
coolSetPoint Number Cool Set Point
dimmer Dimmer Dimmer
fan Number Fan
fanMode Number Fan Mode
fastOnOff Switch Fast On/Off
fastOnOffButtonA Switch Fast On/Off Button A
fastOnOffButtonB Switch Fast On/Off Button B
fastOnOffButtonC Switch Fast On/Off Button C
fastOnOffButtonD Switch Fast On/Off Button D
heatSetPoint Number Heat Set Point
humidity Number Humidity
humidityHigh Number Humidity High
humidityLow Number Humidity Low
isCooling Number Is Cooling
isHeating Number Is Heating
keypadButtonA Switch Keypad Button A
keypadButtonB Switch Keypad Button B
keypadButtonC Switch Keypad Button C
keypadButtonD Switch Keypad Button D
keypadButtonE Switch Keypad Button E
keypadButtonF Switch Keypad Button F
keypadButtonG Switch Keypad Button G
keypadButtonH Switch Keypad Button H
kWh Number:Energy Kilowatt Hour
lastHeardFrom DateTime Last Heard From
ledBrightness Number LED brightness
ledOnOff Switch LED On/Off
lightDimmer Dimmer light Dimmer
lightLevel Number Light Level
lightLevelAboveThreshold Contact Light Level Above/Below Threshold
loadDimmer Dimmer Load Dimmer
loadSwitch Switch Load Switch
loadSwitchFastOnOff Switch Load Switch Fast On/Off
loadSwitchManualChange Number Load Switch Manual Change
lowBattery Contact Low Battery
manualChange Number Manual Change
manualChangeButtonA Number Manual Change Button A
manualChangeButtonB Number Manual Change Button B
manualChangeButtonC Number Manual Change Button C
manualChangeButtonD Number Manual Change Button D
notification Number Notification
onLevel Number On Level
rampDimmer Dimmer Ramp Dimmer
rampRate Number Ramp Rate
reset Switch Reset
stage1Duration Number Stage 1 Duration
switch Switch Switch
systemMode Number System Mode
tamperSwitch Contact Tamper Switch
temperature Number:Temperature Temperature
temperatureLevel Number Temperature Level
topOutlet Switch Top Outlet
update Switch Update
watts Number:Power Watts

# Full Example

Sample things file:

Bridge insteon:network:home [port="/dev/ttyUSB0"] {
  Thing device 22F8A8 [address="22.F8.A8", productKey="F00.00.15"] {
      Type keypadButtonA : keypadButtonA [ group=3 ]
      Type keypadButtonB : keypadButtonB [ group=4 ]
      Type keypadButtonC : keypadButtonC [ group=5 ]
      Type keypadButtonD : keypadButtonD [ group=6 ]
  Thing device 238D93 [address="23.8D.93", productKey="F00.00.12"]
  Thing device 238F55 [address="23.8F.55", productKey="F00.00.11"] {
      Type dimmer        : dimmer [related="23.B0.D9+23.8F.C9"]
  Thing device 238FC9 [address="23.8F.C9", productKey="F00.00.11"] {
      Type dimmer        : dimmer [related="23.8F.55+23.B0.D9"]
  Thing device 23B0D9 [address="23.B0.D9", productKey="F00.00.11"] {
      Type dimmer        : dimmer [related="23.8F.55+23.8F.C9"]
  Thing device 243141 [address="24.31.41", productKey="F00.00.11"]  {
      Type dimmer        : dimmer [dimmermax=60]

Sample items file:

Switch switch1 { channel="insteon:device:home:243141:switch" }
Dimmer dimmer1 { channel="insteon:device:home:238F55:dimmer" }
Dimmer dimmer2 { channel="insteon:device:home:23B0D9:dimmer" }
Dimmer dimmer3 { channel="insteon:device:home:238FC9:dimmer" }
Dimmer keypad  { channel="insteon:device:home:22F8A8:loadDimmer" }
Switch keypadA { channel="insteon:device:home:22F8A8:keypadButtonA" }
Switch keypadB { channel="insteon:device:home:22F8A8:keypadButtonB" }
Switch keypadC { channel="insteon:device:home:22F8A8:keypadButtonC" }
Switch keypadD { channel="insteon:device:home:22F8A8:keypadButtonD" }
Dimmer dimmer  { channel="insteon:device:home:238D93:dimmer" }

# Console Commands

The binding provides commands you can use to help with troubleshooting. Enter openhab:insteon or insteon in the console and you will get a list of available commands. The openhab: prefix is optional:

openhab> openhab:insteon
Usage: openhab:insteon display_devices - display devices that are online, along with available channels
Usage: openhab:insteon display_channels - display channels that are linked, along with configuration information
Usage: openhab:insteon display_local_database - display Insteon PLM or hub database details
Usage: openhab:insteon display_monitored - display monitored device(s)
Usage: openhab:insteon start_monitoring all|address - start displaying messages received from device(s)
Usage: openhab:insteon stop_monitoring all|address - stop displaying messages received from device(s)
Usage: openhab:insteon send_standard_message address flags cmd1 cmd2 - send standard message to a device
Usage: openhab:insteon send_extended_message address flags cmd1 cmd2 [up to 13 bytes] - send extended message to a device
Usage: openhab:insteon send_extended_message_2 address flags cmd1 cmd2 [up to 12 bytes] - send extended message with a two byte crc to a device

Here is an example of command: insteon display_local_database.

When monitoring devices, the output will be displayed where openHAB was started. You may need to redirect the output to a log file to see the messages. The send message commands do not display any results. If you want to see the response from the device, you will need to monitor the device.

# Insteon Groups and Scenes

How do Insteon devices tell other devices on the network that their state has changed? They send out a broadcast message, labeled with a specific group number. All devices (called responders) that are configured to listen to this message will then go into a pre-defined state. For instance when light switch A is switched to "ON", it will send out a message to group #1, and all responders will react to it, e.g they may go into the "ON" position as well. Since more than one device can participate, the sending out of the broadcast message and the subsequent state change of the responders is referred to as "triggering a scene". At the device and PLM level, the concept of a "scene" does not exist, so you will find it notably absent in the binding code and this document. A scene is strictly a higher level concept, introduced to shield the user from the details of how the communication is implemented.

Many Insteon devices send out messages on different group numbers, depending on what happens to them. A leak sensor may send out a message on group #1 when dry, and on group #2 when wet. The default group used for e.g. linking two light switches is usually group #1.

# Insteon Binding Process

Before Insteon devices communicate with one another, they must be linked. During the linking process, one of the devices will be the "Controller", the other the "Responder" (see e.g. the SwitchLinc Instructions (opens new window)).

The responder listens to messages from the controller, and reacts to them. Note that except for the case of a motion detector (which is just a controller to the modem), the modem controls the device (e.g. send on/off messages to it), and the device controls the modem (so the modem learns about the switch being toggled. For this reason, most devices and in particular switches/dimmers should be linked twice, with one taking the role of controller during the first linking, and the other acting as controller during the second linking process. To do so, first press and hold the "Set" button on the modem until the light starts blinking. Then press and hold the "Set" button on the remote device, e.g. the light switch, until it double beeps (the light on the modem should go off as well. Now do exactly the reverse: press and hold the "Set" button on the remote device until its light starts blinking, then press and hold the "Set" button on the modem until it double beeps, and the light of the remote device (switch) goes off.

For some of the more sophisticated devices the complete linking process can no longer be done with the set buttons, but requires software like Insteon Terminal (opens new window).

# Insteon Features

Since Insteon devices can have multiple features (for instance a switchable relay and a contact sensor) under a single Insteon address, an openHAB item is not bound to a device, but to a given feature of a device. For example, the following lines would create two Number items referring to the same thermostat device, but to different features of it:

Number  thermostatCoolPoint "cool point [%.1f °F]" { channel="insteon:device:home:32F422:coolSetPoint" }
Number  thermostatHeatPoint "heat point [%.1f °F]" { channel="insteon:device:home:32F422:heatSetPoint" }

# Simple Light Switches

The following example shows how to configure a simple light switch (2477S) in the .items file:

Switch officeLight "office light"  { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:switch" }

# Simple Dimmers

Here is how to configure a simple dimmer (2477D) in the .items file:

Dimmer kitchenChandelier "kitchen chandelier" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:dimmer" }

Dimmers can be configured with a maximum level when turning a device on or setting a percentage level. If a maximum level is configured, openHAB will never set the level of the dimmer above the level specified. The parameter dimmermax must be defined for the channel. The below example sets a maximum level of 70% for dim 1 and 60% for dim 2:


Bridge insteon:network:home [port="/dev/ttyUSB0"] {
  Thing device AABBCC [address="AA.BB.CC", productKey="F00.00.11"]  {
      Type dimmer     : dimmer [dimmermax=70]
  Thing device AABBCD [address="AA.BB.CD", productKey="F00.00.15"]  {
      Type loadDimmer : loadDimmer [dimmermax=60]


Dimmer d1 "dimmer 1" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:dimmer"}
Dimmer d2 "dimmer 2" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCD:loadDimmer"}

Setting a maximum level does not affect manual turning on or dimming a switch.

# On/Off Outlets

Here's how to configure the top and bottom outlet of the in-wall 2 outlet controller:

Switch fOutTop "Front Outlet Top"    <socket> { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:topOutlet" }
Switch fOutBot "Front Outlet Bottom" <socket> { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:bottomOutlet" }

This will give you individual control of each outlet.

# Mini Remotes

Link the mini remote to be a controller of the modem by using the set button. Link all buttons, one after the other. The 4-button mini remote sends out messages on groups 0x01 - 0x04, each corresponding to one button. The modem's link database (see Insteon Terminal (opens new window)) should look like this:

    0000 xx.xx.xx                       xx.xx.xx  RESP  10100010 group: 01 data: 02 2c 41
    0000 xx.xx.xx                       xx.xx.xx  RESP  10100010 group: 02 data: 02 2c 41
    0000 xx.xx.xx                       xx.xx.xx  RESP  10100010 group: 03 data: 02 2c 41
    0000 xx.xx.xx                       xx.xx.xx  RESP  10100010 group: 04 data: 02 2c 41

Items This goes into the items file:

    Switch miniRemoteButtonA "mini remote button a" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:buttonA", autoupdate="false" }
    Switch miniRemoteButtonB "mini remote button b" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:buttonB", autoupdate="false" }
    Switch miniRemoteButtonC "mini remote button c" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:buttonC", autoupdate="false" }
    Switch miniRemoteButtonD "mini remote button d" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:buttonD", autoupdate="false" }

Sitemap This goes into the sitemap file:

    Switch item=miniRemoteButtonA label="mini remote button a" mappings=[ OFF="Off", ON="On"]
    Switch item=miniRemoteButtonB label="mini remote button b" mappings=[ OFF="Off", ON="On"]
    Switch item=miniRemoteButtonC label="mini remote button c" mappings=[ OFF="Off", ON="On"]
    Switch item=miniRemoteButtonD label="mini remote button d" mappings=[ OFF="Off", ON="On"]

The switches in the GUI just display the mini remote's most recent button presses. They are not operable because the PLM cannot trigger the mini remotes scenes.

# Motion Sensors

Link such that the modem is a responder to the motion sensor. Create a file in the transforms directory as described elsewhere in this document. Then create entries in the .items file like this:


    Contact motionSensor             "motion sensor [MAP(]" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:contact"}
    Number  motionSensorBatteryLevel "motion sensor battery level"         { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:batteryLevel" }
    Number  motionSensorLightLevel   "motion sensor light level"           { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:lightLevel" }

This will give you a contact, the battery level, and the light level. The motion sensor II includes three additional channels:


    Number  motionSensorBatteryPercent     "motion sensor battery percent"                     { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:batteryPercent" }
    Contact motionSensorTamperSwitch       "motion sensor tamper switch [MAP(]" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:tamperSwitch"}
    Number  motionSensorTemperatureLevel   "motion sensor temperature level"                   { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:temperatureLevel" }

The battery, light level and temperature level are updated when either there is motion, light level above/below threshold, tamper switch activated, or the sensor battery runs low. This is accomplished by querying the device for the data. The motion sensor II will also periodically send data if the alternate heartbeat is enabled on the device.

If the alternate heartbeat is enabled, the device can be configured to not query the device and rely on the data from the alternate heartbeat. Disabling the querying of the device should provide more accurate battery data since it appears to fluctuate with queries of the device. This can be configured with the device configuration parameter of the device. The key in the JSON object is heartbeatOnly and the value is a boolean:


Bridge insteon:network:home [port="/dev/ttyUSB0"] {
  Thing device AABBCC [address="AA.BB.CC", productKey="F00.00.24", deviceConfig="{'heartbeatOnly': true}"]

The temperature can be calculated in Fahrenheit using the following formulas:

  • If the device is battery powered: temperature = 0.73 * motionSensorTemperatureLevel - 20.53
  • If the device is USB powered: temperature = 0.72 * motionSensorTemperatureLevel - 24.61

Since the motion sensor II might not be calibrated correctly, the values 20.53 and 24.61 can be adjusted as necessary to produce the correct temperature.

# Hidden Door Sensors

Similar in operation to the motion sensor above. Link such that the modem is a responder to the motion sensor. Create a file in the transforms directory like the following:


Items Then create entries in the .items file like this:

    Contact doorSensor             "Door sensor [MAP(]" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:contact" }
    Number  doorSensorBatteryLevel "Door sensor battery level [%.1f]"  { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:batteryLevel" }

This will give you a contact and the battery level. Note that battery level is only updated when either there is motion, or the sensor battery runs low.

# Locks

Read the instructions very carefully: sync with lock within 5 feet to avoid bad connection, link twice for both ON and OFF functionality.

Items Put something like this into your .items file:

    Switch doorLock "Front Door [MAP(]"  { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:switch" }

and create a file "" in the transforms directory with these entries:


# I/O Linc (garage door openers)

The I/O Linc devices are really two devices in one: a relay and a contact. Link the modem both ways, as responder and controller using the set buttons as described in the instructions.

Add this map into your transforms directory as "":


Items Along with this into your .items file:

    Switch  garageDoorOpener  "garage door opener"                        <garagedoor>  { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:switch", autoupdate="false" }
    Contact garageDoorContact "garage door contact [MAP(]"               { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:contact" }

Sitemap To make it visible in the GUI, put this into your sitemap file:

    Switch item=garageDoorOpener label="garage door opener" mappings=[ ON="OPEN/CLOSE"]
    Text item=garageDoorContact

For safety reasons, only close the garage door if you have visual contact to make sure there is no obstruction! The use of automated rules for closing garage doors is dangerous.

NOTE: If the I/O Linc returns the wrong value when the device is polled (For example you open the garage door and the state correctly shows OPEN, but during polling it shows CLOSED), you probably linked the device with the PLM or hub when the door was in the wrong position. You need unlink and then link again with the door in the opposite position. Please see the Insteon I/O Linc documentation for further details.

# Keypads

Before you attempt to configure the keypads, please familiarize yourself with the concept of an Insteon group.

The Insteon keypad devices typically control one main load and have a number of buttons that will send out group broadcast messages to trigger a scene. If you just want to use the main load switch within openHAB just link modem and device with the set buttons as usual, no complicated linking is necessary. But if you want to get the buttons to work, read on.

Each button will send out a message for a different, predefined group. Complicating matters further, the button numbering used internally by the device must be mapped to whatever labels are printed on the physical buttons of the device. Here is an example correspondence table:

Group Button Number 2487S Label
0x01 1 (Load)
0x03 3 A
0x04 4 B
0x05 5 C
0x06 6 D

When e.g. the "A" button is pressed (that's button #3 internally) a broadcast message will be sent out to all responders configured to listen to Insteon group #3. This means you must configure the modem as a responder to group #3 (and #4, #5, #6) messages coming from your keypad. For instructions how to do this, check out the [Insteon Terminal]( (opens new window). You can even do that with the set buttons (see instructions that come with the keypad).

While capturing the messages that the buttons emit is pretty straight forward, controlling the buttons is another matter. They cannot be simply toggled with a direct command to the device, but instead a broadcast message must be sent on a group number that the button has been programmed to listen to. This means you need to pick a set of unused groups that is globally unique (if you have multiple keypads, each one of them has to use different groups), one group for each button. The example configuration below uses groups 0xf3, 0xf4, 0xf5, and 0xf6. Then link the buttons such that they respond to those groups, and link the modem as a controller for them (see Insteon Terminal (opens new window) documentation. In your items file you specify these groups with the "group=" parameters such that the binding knows what group number to put on the outgoing message.

# Keypad Switches


Here is a simple example, just using the load (main) switch:

    Switch keypadSwitch             "main load"          { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:loadSwitch" }
    Number keypadSwitchManualChange "main manual change" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:loadSwitchManualChange" }
    Switch keypadSwitchFastOnOff    "main fast on/off"   { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:loadSwitchFastOnOff" }

Most people will not use the fast on/off features or the manual change feature, so you really only need the first line. To make the buttons available, add the following:


Bridge insteon:network:home [port="/dev/ttyUSB0"] {
  Thing device AABBCC [address="AA.BB.CC", productKey="F00.00.15"] {
      Type keypadButtonA : keypadButtonA [ group="0xf3" ]
      Type keypadButtonB : keypadButtonB [ group="0xf4" ]
      Type keypadButtonC : keypadButtonC [ group="0xf5" ]
      Type keypadButtonD : keypadButtonD [ group="0xf6" ]

The value after group must either be a number or string. The hexadecimal value 0xf3 can either converted to a numeric value 243 or the string value "0xf3".


    Switch keypadSwitchA "keypad button A" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:keypadButtonA"}
    Switch keypadSwitchB "keypad button B" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:keypadButtonB"}
    Switch keypadSwitchC "keypad button C" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:keypadButtonC"}
    Switch keypadSwitchD "keypad button D" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:keypadButtonD"}


The following sitemap will bring the items to life in the GUI:

    Frame label="Keypad" {
          Switch item=keypadSwitch label="main"
          Switch item=keypadSwitchFastOnOff label="fast on/off"
          Switch item=keypadSwitchManualChange label="manual change" mappings=[ 0="DOWN", 1="STOP",  2="UP"]
          Switch item=keypadSwitchA label="button A"
          Switch item=keypadSwitchB label="button B"
          Switch item=keypadSwitchC label="button C"
          Switch item=keypadSwitchD label="button D"

# Keypad Dimmers

The keypad dimmers are like keypad switches, except that the main load is dimmable.


    Dimmer keypadDimmer           "dimmer"                          { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:loadDimmer" }
    Switch keypadDimmerButtonA    "keypad dimmer button A [%d %%]"  { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:keypadButtonA" }


    Slider item=keypadDimmer switchSupport
    Switch item=keypadDimmerButtonA label="buttonA"

# Thermostats

The thermostat (2441TH) is one of the most complex Insteon devices available. It must first be properly linked to the modem using configuration software like [Insteon Terminal]( (opens new window). The Insteon Terminal wiki describes in detail how to link the thermostat, and how to make it publish status update reports.

When all is set and done the modem must be configured as a controller to group 0 (not sure why), and a responder to groups 1-5 such that it picks up when the thermostat switches on/off heating and cooling etc, and it must be a responder to special group 0xEF to get status update reports when measured values (temperature) change. Symmetrically, the thermostat must be a responder to group 0, and a controller for groups 1-5 and 0xEF. The linking process is not difficult but needs some persistence. Again, refer to the Insteon Terminal (opens new window) documentation.


This is an example of what to put into your .items file:

    Number              thermostatCoolPoint   "cool point [%.1f °F]"       { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:coolSetPoint" }
    Number              thermostatHeatPoint   "heat point [%.1f °F]"       { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:heatSetPoint" }
    Number              thermostatSystemMode  "system mode [%d]"           { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:systemMode" }
    Number              thermostatFanMode     "fan mode [%d]"              { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:fanMode" }
    Number              thermostatIsHeating   "is heating [%d]"            { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:isHeating"}
    Number              thermostatIsCooling   "is cooling [%d]"            { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:isCooling" }
    Number:Temperature  thermostatTemperature  "temperature [%.1f %unit%]" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:temperature" }
    Number              thermostatHumidity    "humidity [%.0f %%]"         { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:humidity" }

Add this as well for some more exotic features:

    Number              thermostatACDelay      "A/C delay [%d min]"        { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:acDelay" }
    Number              thermostatBacklight    "backlight [%d sec]"        { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:backlightDuration" }
    Number              thermostatStage1       "A/C stage 1 time [%d min]" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:stage1Duration" }
    Number              thermostatHumidityHigh "humidity high [%d %%]"     { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:humidityHigh" }
    Number              thermostatHumidityLow  "humidity low [%d %%]"      { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:humidityLow" }


For the thermostat to display in the GUI, add this to the sitemap file:

    Text   item=thermostatTemperature icon="temperature"
    Text   item=thermostatHumidity
    Setpoint item=thermostatCoolPoint icon="temperature" minValue=63 maxValue=90 step=1
    Setpoint item=thermostatHeatPoint icon="temperature" minValue=50 maxValue=80 step=1
    Switch item=thermostatSystemMode  label="system mode" mappings=[ 0="OFF",  1="HEAT", 2="COOL", 3="AUTO", 4="PROGRAM"]
    Switch item=thermostatFanMode  label="fan mode" mappings=[ 0="AUTO",  1="ALWAYS ON"]
    Switch item=thermostatIsHeating  label="is heating" mappings=[ 0="OFF",  1="HEATING"]
    Switch item=thermostatIsCooling  label="is cooling" mappings=[ 0="OFF",  1="COOLING"]
    Setpoint item=thermostatACDelay  minValue=2 maxValue=20 step=1
    Setpoint item=thermostatBacklight  minValue=0 maxValue=100 step=1
    Setpoint item=thermostatHumidityHigh  minValue=0 maxValue=100 step=1
    Setpoint item=thermostatHumidityLow   minValue=0 maxValue=100 step=1
    Setpoint item=thermostatStage1  minValue=1 maxValue=60 step=1

# Power Meters

The iMeter Solo reports both wattage and kilowatt hours, and is updated during the normal polling process of the devices. You can also manually update the current values from the device and reset the device. See the example below:


    Number:Power  iMeterWatts   "iMeter [%d watts]"   { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:watts" }
    Number:Energy iMeterKwh     "iMeter [%.04f kWh]"  { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:kWh" }
    Switch        iMeterUpdate  "iMeter Update"       { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:update" }
    Switch        iMeterReset   "iMeter Reset"        { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:reset" }

# Fan Controllers

Here is an example configuration for a FanLinc module, which has a dimmable light and a variable speed fan:


    Dimmer fanLincDimmer "fanlinc dimmer [%d %%]" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:lightDimmer" }
    Number fanLincFan    "fanlinc fan"            { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:fan"}


    Slider item=fanLincDimmer switchSupport
    Switch item=fanLincFan label="fan speed" mappings=[ 0="OFF",  1="LOW", 2="MEDIUM", 3="HIGH"]

# X10 Devices

It is worth noting that both the Inseon PLM and the 2014 Hub can both command X10 devices over the powerline, and also set switch stats based on X10 signals received over the powerline. This allows openHAB not only control X10 devices without the need for other hardwaare, but it can also have rules that react to incoming X10 powerline commands. While you cannot bind the the X10 devices to the Insteon PLM/HUB, here are some examples for configuring X10 devices. Be aware that most X10 switches/dimmers send no status updates, i.e. openHAB will not learn about switches that are toggled manually. Further note that X10 devices are addressed with houseCode.unitCode, e.g. A.2.


    Switch x10Switch  "X10 switch" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABB:switch" }
    Dimmer x10Dimmer  "X10 dimmer" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABB:dimmer" }
    Contact x10Motion "X10 motion" { channel="insteon:device:home:AABB:contact" }

# Direct Sending of Group Broadcasts (Triggering Scenes)

The binding can command the modem to send broadcasts to a given Insteon group. Since it is a broadcast message, the corresponding item does not take the address of any device, but of the modem itself. The format is broadcastOnOff#X where X is the group that you want to be able to broadcast messages to:


Bridge insteon:network:home [port="/dev/ttyUSB0"] {
  Thing device AABBCC             [address="AA.BB.CC", productKey="0x000045"] {
      Type broadcastOnOff : broadcastOnOff#2


    Switch  broadcastOnOff "group on/off"  { channel="insteon:device:home:AABBCC:broadcastOnOff#2" }

Flipping this switch to "ON" will cause the modem to send a broadcast message with group=2, and all devices that are configured to respond to it should react.

Channels can also be configured using the device configuration parameter of the device. The key in the JSON object is broadcastGroups and the value is an array of integers:


Bridge insteon:network:home [port="/dev/ttyUSB0"] {
  Thing device AABBCC             [address="AA.BB.CC", productKey="0x000045", deviceConfig="{'broadcastGroups': [2]}"]

When an Insteon device changes its state because it is directly operated (for example by flipping a switch manually), it sends out a broadcast message to announce the state change, and the binding (if the PLM modem is properly linked as a responder) should update the corresponding openHAB items. Other linked devices however may also change their state in response, but those devices will not send out a broadcast message, and so openHAB will not learn about their state change until the next poll. One common scenario is e.g. a switch in a 3-way configuration, with one switch controlling the load, and the other switch being linked as a controller. In this scenario, the "related" keyword can be used to have the binding poll a related device whenever a state change occurs for another device. A typical example would be two dimmers (A and B) in a 3-way configuration:

Bridge insteon:network:home [port="/dev/ttyUSB0"] {
  Thing device AABBCC [address="AA.BB.CC", productKey="F00.00.11"] {
      Type dimmer : dimmer [related="AA.BB.DD"]
  Thing device AABBDD [address="AA.BB.DD", productKey="F00.00.11"] {
      Type dimmer : dimmer [related="AA.BB.CC"]

Another scenario is a group broadcast message, the binding doesn't know which devices have responded to the message since its a broadcast message. In this scenario, the "related" keyword can be used to have the binding poll one or more related device when group message are sent. A typical example would be a switch configured to broadcast to a group, and one or more devices configured to respond to the message:

Bridge insteon:network:home [port="/dev/ttyUSB0"] {
  Thing device AABBCC [address="AA.BB.CC", productKey="0x000045"] {
      Type broadcastOnOff : broadcastOnOff#3 [related="AA.BB.DD"]
  Thing device AABBDD [address="AA.BB.DD", productKey="F00.00.11"]

More than one device can be polled by separating them with "+" sign, e.g. "" would poll both of these devices. The implemenation of the related keyword is simple: if you add it to a channel, and that channel changes its state, then the related device will be polled to see if its state has updated.

# Troubleshooting

Turn on DEBUG or TRACE logging for `org.openhab.binding.insteon. See logging in openHAB (opens new window) for more info.

# Device Permissions / Linux Device Locks

When openHAB is running as a non-root user (Linux/OSX) it is important to ensure it has write access not just to the PLM device, but to the os lock directory. Under openSUSE this is /run/lock and is managed by the lock group.

Example commands to grant openHAB access (adjust for your distribution):

usermod -a -G dialout openhab
usermod -a -G lock openhab

Insufficient access to the lock directory will result in openHAB failing to access the device, even if the device itself is writable.

# Adding New Device Types (Using Existing Device Features)

Device types are defined in the file device_types.xml, which is inside the Insteon bundle and thus not visible to the user. You can however load your own device_types.xml by referencing it in the network config parameters:


Where the my_own_devices.xml file defines a new device like this:

     <device productKey="F00.00.XX">
      <description>LampLinc V2</description>
      <feature name="dimmer">GenericDimmer</feature>
      <feature name="lastheardfrom">GenericLastTime</feature>

Finding the Insteon product key can be tricky since Insteon has not updated the product key table ( (opens new window)) since 2008. If a web search does not turn up the product key, make one up, starting with "F", like: F00.00.99. Avoid duplicate keys by finding the highest fake product key in the device_types.xml file, and incrementing by one.

# Adding New Device Features

If you can't build a new device out of the existing device features (for a complete list see device_features.xml) you can add new features by specifying a file (let's call it my_own_features.xml) with the "additionalDevices" option in the network config parameters:


In this file you can define your own features (or even overwrite an existing feature. In the example below a new feature "MyFeature" is defined, which can then be referenced from the device_types.xml file (or from my_own_devices.xml):

     <feature name="MyFeature">
     <message-handler cmd="0x03">NoOpMsgHandler</message-handler>
     <message-handler cmd="0x06">NoOpMsgHandler</message-handler>
     <message-handler cmd="0x11">NoOpMsgHandler</message-handler>
     <message-handler cmd="0x13">NoOpMsgHandler</message-handler>
     <message-handler cmd="0x19">LightStateSwitchHandler</message-handler>
     <command-handler command="OnOffType">IOLincOnOffCommandHandler</command-handler>

# Known Limitations and Issues

  • Devices cannot be linked to the modem while the binding is running. If new devices are linked, the binding must be restarted.
  • Setting up Insteon groups and linking devices cannot be done from within openHAB. Use the Insteon Terminal (opens new window) for that. If using Insteon Terminal (especially as root), ensure any stale lock files (For example, /var/lock/LCK..ttyUSB0) are removed before starting openHAB runtime. Failure to do so may result in "found no ports".
  • The Insteon PLM or hub is know to break in about 2-3 years due to poorly sized capacitors. You can repair it yourself using basic soldering skills, search for "Insteon PLM repair" or "Insteon hub repair".
  • Using the Insteon Hub 2014 in conjunction with other applications (such as the InsteonApp) is not supported. Concretely, openHAB will not learn when a switch is flipped via the Insteon App until the next poll, which could take minutes.